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基层政府的廉政生态:概念·困境·出路

The Clean Ecology of Grass-roots Government:Concept,Dilemma and Outlet

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【作者】 黄大熹张浩舟

【Author】 HUANG Daxi;ZHANG Haozhou;College of Law,Hunan University;

【机构】 湖南大学法学院

【摘要】 基层政府廉政生态属于政治生态学的范畴,意指各级基层政府的治理与服务达到一种良善的政治生态。基层政府廉政生态体系具有历史传承性,其根本目的是为人民服务;基层政府廉政生态体系是开放的,其正常运行需要各方的制衡与监督。中国经济社会的现代化进程中,基层政府既要实现自身的政治目的,又要服务于基层社会经济的发展,基层政府政治生态容易受到"商品交换原则"的侵蚀,使得基层政府政治生态面临着来自"内生态"和"外生态"的双重困境。摆脱困境的可能出路在于:厘清政治与经济的边界,避免商品交换原则对基层政府廉政生态的侵蚀;建设高素质专业化的基层干部队伍,从"能量源"上优化基层政府的廉政生态;推动基层协商民主,保证人民广泛参与基层政治生活的权利。

【Abstract】 The clean ecology of government at the grass-roots level belongs to the category of political ecology,which means that the governance and service of the grass-roots government at all levels reach a kind of good political ecology.With a fundamental purpose to serve the people,the ecological system of clean grass-roots government has a historical heritage,whose normal operation needs the balances and supervision from all sides.In the modernization process of China’s economy and society,the grass-roots government should not only realize its own political purpose,but also serve the development of the grassroots economy and society.The political ecology of the grass-roots government is vulnerable to the erosion of the principle of commodity exchange,which is likely to cause dual dilemma of internal ecology and external ecology.The possible way out of the dilemma lies in that we should draw a clear political and economic boundary,avoiding the erosion of principle of commodity exchange to the clean ecology of grass-roots government.By building a contingent of high-quality and specialized grassroots cadres,we should optimize the clean ecology of grass-roots governments from the energy source.Also,we should promote grass-roots consultative democracy,and guarantee the people’s right to participate extensively in grass-roots political life.

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